Bibliography on Emergence

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Abbott, R. (2009), Bits Don’t Have Error Bars: Upward Conceptualization and Downward Approximation, in Ibo Poel & David Goldberg, ed., ‘Philosophy and Engineering:’, Springer Netherlands, , pp. 285–294.

Abraham, W. (2004), ‘The Grammaticalization of the Infinitival Preposition – Toward a Theory of ‘Grammaticalizing Reanalysis’’, The Journal of Comparative Germanic Linguistics 7(2), 111–170.

Ackroyd, S. (2010), Critical Realism, Organization Theory, Methodology, and the Emerging Science of Reconfiguration, in P. Koslowski, ed., ‘Elements of a Philosophy of Management and Organization’, Springer, Berlin, pp. 47–77.

Aerts, D.; Broekaert, J. & Smets, S. (1999), ‘The Liar-paradox in a Quantum Mechanical Perspective’, Foundations of Science 4(2), 115–132.

Agger, B. (1991), ‘The micro-macro non-problem: The Parsonianization of American sociological theory’, Human Studies 14(1).

Aizawa, K. & Gillett, C. (2015), Realization, Reduction, and Emergence: How Things Like Minds Relate to Things Like Brains, in Jens Clausen & Neil Levy, ed., ‘Handbook of Neuroethics’, Springer Netherlands, , pp. 49–62.

Akrich, M. & Meadel, C. (2007), ‘De l’interaction à l’engagement : Les collectifs électroniques, nouveaux militants de la santé : Paroles publiques: Communiquer dans la cité’, Hermes 47, 145.

Allegrini, P.; Giuntoli, M.; Grigolini, P. & West, B. J. (2004), ‘From knowledge, knowability and the search for objective randomness to a new vision of complexity’, Chaos, Solitons & Fractals 20(1), 11–32.

Allen, G. E. (2005), ‘Mechanism, vitalism and organicism in late nineteenth and twentieth-century biology: the importance of historical context’, Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 36(2), 261–283.

Allen, J. W. P. & Bickhard, M. H. (2013), ‘The pendulum still swings’, Cognitive Development 28(2), 164–174.

Allen, K. (2014), ‘Colour Physicalism, Naïve Realism, and the Argument from Structure’, Minds and Machines nan(nan).

Allen-Hermanson, S. (2005), ‘Morgan’s Canon Revisited’, Philosophy of Science 72(4), 608–31.

Altenberg, L. (2014), ‘Mathematics awaits: commentary on “Genetic Programming and Emergence” by Wolfgang Banzhaf’, Genetic Programming and Evolvable Machines 15(1).

Andler, D. (2015), Naturalism, in James D. Wright, ed., ‘International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences (Second Edition)’, Elsevier, Oxford, pp. 325–333.

Andler, D. (2011), Unity Without Myths’Otto Neurath and the Unity of Science’.

Andler, D. (2009), Philosophy of Cognitive Science’French Studies In The Philosophy Of Science’.

Antonites, A. J. (2000), Creative Emergence and Complexity Theory’The Origins of Life’.

Antony, L. (1999), ‘Making Room for the Mental’, Philosophical Studies 95(1 – 2).

Antony, M. V. (2003), ‘Davidson’s Argument for Monism’, Synthese 135(1).

Archer, M. S. (2014), The Generative Mechanism Re-configuring Late Modernity’Late Modernity’.

Archer, M. S. (2013), Social Morphogenesis and the Prospects of Morphogenic Society’Social Morphogenesis’.

Arkoudas, K. (2008), ‘Computation, hypercomputation, and physical science’, Journal of Applied Logic 6(4), 461–475.

Arp, R. (2008), ‘Life and the homeostatic organization view of biological phenomena’, Cosmos and History: The Journal of Natural and Social Philosophy 4(1-2), 260–285.

Arp, R. (2007), ‘Homeostatic organization, emergence, and reduction in biological phenomena’, Philosophia Naturalis 44(2), 238–270.

Artigas, M.; Agazzi, E. & Cordero, A. (1991), Emergence and Reduction in Morphogenetic Theories’Philosophy and the Origin and Evolution of the Universe’, Springer, Netherlands, pp. 253–262.

Artigiani, R. (1995), ‘Toward a science of meaning’, Technological Forecasting and Social Change 48(2), 111–128.

Asay, J. (2013), ‘Truthmaking, metaethics, and creeping minimalism’, Philosophical Studies 163(1).

Atmanspacher, H. (2015), ‘Contextual emergence of mental states’, Cognitive Processing nan(nan).

Atmanspacher, H. (2006), ‘Consciousness: A Mathematical Treatment of the Global Neuronal Workspace Model’, Acta Biotheoretica 54(2).

Atmanspacher, H. (2003), ‘Mind and matter as asymptotically disjoint, inequivalent representations with broken time-reversal symmetry’, Biosystems 68(1), 19–30.

Atmanspacher, H. (1999), ‘Cartesian cut, Heisenberg cut, and the concept of complexity’, World Futures 13, 125–148.

Auger, P. & Poggiale, J.-C. (1996), ‘Aggregation and emergence in hierarchically organized systems: Population dynamics’, Acta Biotheoretica 44(3-4), 301–316.

Axtell, R. L. (2007), ‘What economic agents do: How cognition and interaction lead to emergence and complexity’, The Review of Austrian Economics 20(2 – 3).

Ayala, F. J. (1983), Biology and Physics: Reflections on Reductionism’Old and New Questions in Physics, Cosmology, Philosophy, and Theoretical Biology’.

Ayala, F. J. (1976), Biology as an Autonomous Science’Topics in the Philosophy of Biology’.

Azzone, G. F. (1998), ‘The Cement of Medical Thought. Evolutionary Emergence and Downward Causation’, History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 20(2), 163 — 187.

Bacon, J. (1990), ‘Van Cleve versus closure’, Philosophical Studies 58(3).

Bacon, J. (1986), ‘Supervenience, necessary coextension, and reducibility’, Philosophical Studies 49(2).

Bader, R. M. (2012), ‘Supervenience and infinitary property-forming operations’, Philosophical Studies 160(3).

Baetu, T. M. (2012), ‘Emergence, therefore antireductionism? A critique of emergent antireductionism’, Biology & Philosophy 27(3).

Baetu, T. M. (2011), ‘Emergence, therefore antireductionism? A critique of emergent antireductionism’, Biology & Philosophy 27(3), 433–448.

Baia, A. (2012), ‘Presentism and the grounding of truth’, Philosophical Studies 159(3).

Baianu, I. C. (2007), ‘Categorical ontology of levels and emergent complexity: an introduction’, Axiomathes 17(3-4), 209–222.

Bailey, A. (1998), ‘Supervenience and Physicalism’, Synthese 117(1).

Bain, J. (2013), ‘The emergence of spacetime in condensed matter approaches to quantum gravity’, Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 44(3), 338–345.

Bain, J. (2013), Emergence in effective field theories’European Journal for Philosophy of Science’, Springer Netherlands, , pp. 257–273.

Bain, J. (2013), ‘Emergence in effective field theories’, European Journal for Philosophy of Science 3(3).

Baird, D.; Scerri, E. R. & McIntyre, L. C. (2006), Philosophy of Chemistry: Synthesis of a New Discipline, Springer, Netherlands.

Baker, A. (2009), Emergence and Simulation’Complex Sciences’.

Baker, A. (2009), ‘Emergence and Simulation’, , 1984–1996.

Baker, L. R. (2013), ‘Pereboom’s Robust Nonreductive Physicalism’, Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 86(3), 736–744.

Baker, L. R. (2007), The Metaphysics of Everyday Life: An Essay in Practical Realism, Vol. 69, Cambridge University Press.

Baker, L. R. (1994), ‘Attitudes as nonentities’, Philosophical Studies 76(2 – 3).

Balázs, A. (2004), ‘What does a molecule want? The myth of the self-replicating molecule (comments on the “selfish-gene” paradigm)’, Biosystems 73(1), 1–11.

Ball, S. W. (1989), ‘Facts, values, and normative supervenience’, Philosophical Studies 55(2).

Ballinger, C. (2007), Initial Conditions and the ‘Open Systems’ Argument against Laws of Nature’Metaphysica’, Springer Netherlands, , pp. 17–31.

Bangu, S. (2015), Neither Weak, Nor Strong? Emergence and Functional Reduction, in Brigitte Falkenburg & Margaret Morrison, ed., ‘Why More Is Different’, Springer Berlin Heidelberg, , pp. 153–166.

Bangu, S. (2015), Neither Weak, Nor Strong? Emergence and Functional Reduction’Why More Is Different’.

Banzhaf, W. (2014), ‘Genetic Programming and Emergence’, Genetic Programming and Evolvable Machines 15(1).

Banzhaf, W. (2013), ‘Genetic Programming and Emergence’, Genetic Programming and Evolvable Machines 15(1), 63–73.

Bapteste, Eric & Burian, R. M. (2010), ‘On the need for integrative phylogenomics, and some steps toward its creation’, Biology & Philosophy 25(4).

Barham, J. (2007), ‘The reality of purpose and the reform of naturalism’, Philosophia Naturalis 44(1), 31–52.

Barnes, E. (2012), ‘Emergence and Fundamentality’, Mind 121(484), 873–901.

Barnier, A. J.; Sutton, J.; Harris, C. B. & Wilson, R. A. (2008), ‘A conceptual and empirical framework for the social distribution of cognition: The case of memory’, Cognitive Systems Research 9(1–2), 33–51.

Barnouw, J. (1989), ‘Hobbes’s psychology of thought: Endeavours, purpose and curiosity’, History of European Ideas 10(5), 519–545.

Barrett, D. (2014), ‘Functional analysis and mechanistic explanation’, Synthese 191(12).

Barrett, J. (1995), ‘Causal relevance and nonreductive physicalism’, Erkenntnis 42(3), 339–62.

Barrett, J. (1995), ‘Causal relevance and Nonreductive physicalism’, Erkenntnis 42(3).

Barrett, J. A. (2015), Pure wave mechanics and the very idea of empirical adequacy’Synthese’, Springer Netherlands, , pp. 1–34.

Barrett, J. A. (2006), ‘A Quantum-Mechanical Argument for Mind–Body Dualism’, Erkenntnis 65(1).

Barutta, J.; Gleichgerrcht, E.; Cornejo, C. & Ibáñez, A. (2010), ‘Neurodynamics of Mind: The Arrow Illusion of Conscious Intentionality as Downward Causation’, Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science 44(2), 127–143.

Bassett, D. S. & Gazzaniga, M. S. (2011), ‘Understanding complexity in the human brain’, Trends in Cognitive Sciences 15(5), 200–209.

Batten, David ; Salthe, S. B. F. (2008), ‘Visions of Evolution: Self-organization Proposes What Natural Selection Disposes’, Biological Theory 3(1).

Batterman, R. (2015), Autonomy and Scales’Why More Is Different’.

Batterman, R. W. (2011), ‘Emergence, Singularities, and Symmetry Breaking’, Foundations of Physics 41(6).

Bauchau, V. (2006), Emergence and Reductionism: from the Game of Life to Science of Life’self-organization And Emergence In Life Sciences’.

Bechtel, W. (2002), ‘Decomposing the Mind-Brain: A Long-Term Pursuit’, Brain and Mind 3(2).

Bechtel, W. & Hamilton, A. (2007), Reduction, Integration, and the Unity of Science: Natural, Behavioral, and Social Sciences and the Humanities, in Theo A. F. Kuipers, ed., ‘General Philosophy of Science’, North-Holland, Amsterdam, pp. 377–430.

Beckermann, A. (1992), Reductive and nonreductive physicalism, in Ansgar Beckermann; Hans Flohr & Jaegwon Kim, ed., ‘Emergence or Reduction?: Prospects for Nonreductive Physicalism’, De Gruyter, .

Beckermann, A. (1992), Supervenience, emergence, and reduction, in Ansgar Beckermann; Hans Flohr & Jaegwon Kim, ed., ‘Emergence or Reduction?: Prospects for Nonreductive Physicalism’, De Gruyter, , pp. 94–118.

Beckett, D. (2013), ‘Ontological Distinctiveness and the Emergence of Purposes’, , 69–83.

Beckett, D. (2013), Ontological Distinctiveness and the Emergence of Purposes’Learning, Work and Practice: New Understandings’.

Bedau, M. A. (2013), ‘Weak Emergence Drives the Science, Epistemology, and Metaphysics of Synthetic Biology’, Biological Theory 8(4).

Bedau, M. A. (2009), The Evolution of Complexity’Mapping the Future of Biology’.

Bedau, M. A. (2008), ‘Is weak emergence just in the mind?’, Minds and Machines 18(4), 443–459.

Bedau, M. A. (2008), ‘Is Weak Emergence Just in the Mind?’, Minds and Machines 18(4), 443–459.

Bedau, M. A. (2008), ‘Is Weak Emergence Just in the Mind?’, Minds and Machines 18(4).

Bedau, M. A. (2003), ‘Artificial life: organization, adaptation and complexity from the bottom up’, Trends in Cognitive Sciences 7(11), 505–512.

Bedau, M. A. (2002), ‘Downward causation and the autonomy of weak emergence’, Principia 6(1), 5–50.

Bednarz, D. (1985), ‘Quantity and quality in evaluation research: A divergent view’, Evaluation and Program Planning 8(4), 289–306.

Beebee, H. (2006), ‘Does Anything Hold the Universe Together?’, Synthese 149(3).

Beilfeldt, D. (1999), ‘Nancey Murphy’s nonreductive physicalism’, Zygon 34(4), 619–628.

Bell, V. (2012), ‘Declining Performativity: Butler, Whitehead and Ecologies of Concern’, Theory, Culture and Society 29(2), 107–123.

Belot, G. (2007), The Representation of Time and Change in Mechanics, in Jeremy ButterfieldJohn Earman, ed., ‘Philosophy of Physics’, North-Holland, Amsterdam, pp. 133–227.

Bennett, K. (2008), Exclusion again, in Jakob Hohwy & Jesper Kallestrup, ed., ‘Being Reduced: New Essays on Reduction, Explanation, and Causation’, Oxford University Press, .

Bennett, K. (2011), ‘Construction area (no hard hat required)’, Philosophical Studies 154(1), 79–104.

Bennett, K. (2011), ‘Construction area (no hard hat required)’, Philosophical Studies 154(1).

Bensaude-Vincent, B. (2009), ‘Self-Assembly, Self-Organization: Nanotechnology and Vitalism’, NanoEthics 3(1).

Bergandi, D. (2011), Multifaceted Ecology Between Organicism, Emergentism and Reductionism, in A. Schwarz & K. Jax, ed., ‘Ecology Revisited. Reflecting on Concepts, Advancing Science’, Springer, , pp. 31–43.

Bergandi, D. (2013), Ecology, Evolution, Ethics: In Search of a Meta-paradigm – An Introduction’The Structural Links between Ecology, Evolution and Ethics’.

Bergandi, D. (2011), Multifaceted Ecology Between Organicism, Emergentism and Reductionism’Ecology Revisited’.

Bergandi, D. (1995), ‘“Reductionist holism”: an oxymoron or a philosophical chimaera of E.P. Odum’s systems ecology?’, Ludus Vitalis 3((5)), 145–180..

Bernal Velásquez, R. (2012), E-Physicalism. A physicalist theory of phenomenal consciousness, Ontos Verlag.

Bernstein, S. (2015), ‘Overdetermination Underdetermined’, Erkenntnis, 1–24.

Berntson, G. G. & Cacioppo, J. T. (2012), Reductionism, in Luciano L’Abate, ed., ‘Paradigms in Theory Construction’, Springer New York, , pp. 365–374.

Bersini, H. (2012), ‘Emergent phenomena belong only to biology’, Synthese 185(2).

Bersini, H. (2006), Formalizing Emergence: the Natural After-Life of Artificial Life’self-organization And Emergence In Life Sciences’.

Bersini, H.; Stano, P.; Luisi, P. L. & Bedau, M. A. (2012), ‘Philosophical and scientific perspectives on emergence’, Synthese 185(2), 165–169.

Bersini, H. B. P. S. L. L. A. (2012), ‘Philosophical and scientific perspectives on emergence’, Synthese 185(2).

Bettencourt, L. M. A. (2009), ‘The Rules of Information Aggregation and Emergence of Collective Intelligent Behavior’, Topics in Cognitive Science 1(4), 598–620.

Bhaskar, R. (1982), Realism in the Natural Sciences, in Helmut Pfeiffer L. Jonathan Cohen & Jerzy Łoś Klaus-Peter Podewski, ed., ‘Studies in Logic and the Foundations of Mathematics’, Elsevier, , pp. 337–354.

Bich, L. (2012), ‘Complex emergence and the living organization: an epistemological framework for biology’, Synthese 185(2), 215–232.

Bich, L. (2010), Complex emergence and the living organization: an epistemological framework for biology’Synthese’, Springer Netherlands, , pp. 215–232.

Bich, L. (2006), ‘Autopoiesis and Emergence’, , 281–292.

Bich, L. (2006), Autopoiesis and Emergence’Systemics of Emergence: Research and Development’.

Bickerstaff, J. (2008), ‘Collaborative theater/collective artist: An evolving systems case study in social creativity’, World Futures 64(4), 276 — 291.

Bickhard, M. H. (2000), Emergence, in P. B. Andersen; Claus Emmeche; N. O. Finnemann & P. V. Christiansen, ed., ‘Downward Causation’, University of Aarhus Press, , pp. 322–348.

Bickhard, M. H. (2011), Systems and Process Metaphysics, in Cliff Hooker, ed., ‘Philosophy of Complex Systems’, North-Holland, Amsterdam, pp. 91–104.

Bickhard, M. H. (2004), The Dynamic Emergence of Representation, in Hugh ClapinPhillip StainesPeter Slezak, ed., ‘Representation in Mind’, Elsevier, Oxford, pp. 71–90.

Bickhard, M. H. (2012), ‘A process ontology for persons and their development’, New Ideas in Psychology 30(1), 107–119.

Bickhard, M. H. (2011), ‘Some Consequences (and Enablings) of Process Metaphysics’, Axiomathes 21(1).

Bickhard, M. H. (2010), ‘Some Consequences (and Enablings) of Process Metaphysics’, Axiomathes 21(1), 3–32.

Bickhard, M. H. (2010), Does Process Matter? An Introduction to the Special Issue on Interactivism’Axiomathes’, Springer Netherlands, , pp. 1–2.

Bickhard, M. H. (2009), ‘The interactivist model’, Synthese 166(3).

Bickhard, M. H. (2008), ‘Interactivism: introduction to the special issue’, Synthese 166(3), 449–451.

Bickhard, M. H. (2008), ‘The interactivist model’, Synthese 166(3), 547–591.

Bickhard, M. H. (2004), ‘Applications of process-based theories: Process and emergence: Normative function and representation’, Axiomathes 14(1-3), 121–155.

Bickhard, M. H. (2004), ‘Part II: Applications of Process-Based Theories: Process and Emergence: Normative Function and Representation’, Axiomathes 14(1), 121–155.

Bickhard, M. H. (2004), ‘Process and emergence: Normative function and representation’, Axiomathes – An International Journal in Ontology and Cognitive Systems 14, 135–169.

Bickhard, M. H. (2004), ‘Part II: Applications of Process-Based Theories: Process and Emergence: Normative Function and Representation’, Axiomathes 14(1 – 3).

Bickhard, M. H. (2003), ‘Process and Emergence: Normative Function and Representation’, , 121–155.

Bickhard, M. H. (1989), ‘Ethical psychotherapy and psychotherapy as ethics: A response to Perrez’, New Ideas in Psychology 7(2), 159–164.

Bickle, J. (2010), ‘Has the last decade of challenges to the multiple realization argument provided aid and comfort to psychoneural reductionists?’, Synthese 177(2).

Bickle, J. (2006), ‘Reducing mind to molecular pathways: explicating the reductionism implicit in current cellular and molecular neuroscience’, Synthese 151(3).

Bickle, J. (2003), From New Wave Reduction to New Wave Metascience’Philosophy and Neuroscience’.

Bickle, J. (2003), Mental Causation, Cognitive Neuroscience, and Multiple Realization’Philosophy and Neuroscience’.

Birman, F. (2009), ‘Quantum Mechanics and the Plight of Physicalism’, Journal for General Philosophy of Science 40(2).

Bishop, R. C. (2011), Metaphysical and Epistemological Issues in Complex Systems, in Cliff Hooker, ed., ‘Philosophy of Complex Systems’, North-Holland, Amsterdam, pp. 105–136.

Bishop, R. C. (2010), ‘Whence chemistry?’, Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 41(2), 171–177.

Bishop, R. C. (2008), ‘Downward causation in fluid convection’, Synthese 160(2).

Bishop, R. C. (2006), ‘Downward causation in fluid convection’, Synthese 160(2), 229–248.

Bishop, R. C. & Atmanspacher, H. (2006), ‘Contextual Emergence in the Description of Properties’, Foundations of Physics 36(12), 1753–1777.

Bishop, Robert C. & Atmanspacher, H. (2006), ‘Contextual Emergence in the Description of Properties’, Foundations of Physics 36(12).

Bitbol, M. (2012), ‘Downward causation without foundations’, Synthese 185(2), 233–255.

Bitbol, M. (2012), ‘Downward causation without foundations’, Synthese 185(2).

Bitbol, M. (2007), ‘Ontology, matter and emergence’, Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 6(3), 293–307.

Bitbol, M. (2007), ‘Ontology, matter and emergence’, Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 6(3).

Blachowicz, J. (2013), ‘The Constraint Interpretation of Physical Emergence’, Journal for General Philosophy of Science 44(1), 21–40.

Blachowicz, J. (2013), ‘The Constraint Interpretation of Physical Emergence’, Journal for General Philosophy of Science 44(1).

Blachowicz, J. (2010), ‘The Incompletability of Metaphysics’, Idealistic Studies 40(3), 257–273.

Bliss, S. & Fernández, J. (2011), ‘Does the supervenience argument generalize?’, Southern Journal of Philosophy 49(4), 321–346.

Bliss, S. & Fernández, J. (2010), ‘Program Explanation and Higher-Order Properties’, Acta Analytica 25(4), 393–411.

Blitz, D. (1992), Lloyd Morgans System of Emergent Evolution’Emergent Evolution’.

Blitz, D. (1990), ‘Emergent evolution and the level structure of reality’, Studies on Mario Bunge’s Treatise, 153–69.

Blutner, R. (2004), ‘Nonmonotonic inferences and neural networks’, Synthese 142(2), 143 — 174.

Boero, R. (2011), ‘Food quality as a public good: cooperation dynamics and economic development in a rural community’, Mind and Society 10(2), 203–215.

Bogen, J. E. (1998), ‘My Developing Understanding of Roger Wolcott Sperry’s Philosophy’, Neuropsychologia 36(10), 1089–1096.

Bolender, J. (2006), ‘Nomic Universals and Particular Causal Relations: Which are Basic and Which are Derived?’, Philosophia 34(4).

Bonevac, D. (1991), ‘Semantics and supervenience’, Synthese 87(3).

Bontly, T. D. (2006), ‘What is an Empirical Analysis of Causation?’, Synthese 151(2).

Bontly, T. D. (2002), ‘The supervenience argument generalizes’, Philosophical Studies 109(1), 75–96.

Bontly, T. D. (2002), ‘The Supervenience Argument Generalizes’, Philosophical Studies 109(1).

Boogerd, F. C. ; Bruggeman, F. J. ;. R. R. C. ;. S. A. W. H. V. (2005), ‘Emergence and Its Place in Nature: A Case Study of Biochemical Networks’, Synthese 145(1).

Boogerd, F. C.; Bruggeman, F. J.; Richardson, R. C.; Stephan, A. & Westerhoff, H. V. (2005), ‘Emergence and Its Place in Nature: A Case Study of Biochemical Networks’, Synthese 145(1), 131–164.

Boschetti, F. (2011), ‘Causality, emergence, computation and unreasonable expectations’, Synthese 181(3).

Boschetti, Fabio ; ProkopenkoIan, M. ;. M. A.-M. (2005), Defining and Detecting Emergence in Complex Networks’Knowledge-Based Intelligent Information and Engineering Systems’.

Boschetti, Fabio & Gray, R. (2013), A Turing Test for Emergence’Advances in Applied Self-Organizing Systems’.

Bosse, T.; Schut, M. C. & Treur, J. (2009), ‘Formal analysis of dynamics within philosophy of mind by computer simulation’, Minds and Machines 19(4), 543–555.

Bouatta, Nazim & Butterfield, J. (2015), ‘On emergence in gauge theories at the t Hooft limit’, European Journal for Philosophy of Science 5(1).

Boulting, N. E. (2005), ‘In Defence of a ‘Three-Tiered Structure’ Within the Interpretative Process’, Philosophy in the Contemporary World 12(1), 9–21.

Bouwel, J. V. (2014), Explanatory Strategies Beyond the Individualism/Holism Debate, in Julie Zahle & Finn Collin, ed., ‘Rethinking the Individualism-Holism Debate’, Springer International Publishing, , pp. 153–175.

Bouwel, J. V. (2014), Explanatory Strategies Beyond the Individualism/Holism Debate’Rethinking the Individualism-Holism Debate’.

Bouwel, J. V. (2013), ‘Sandra Mitchell: Unsimple Truths. Science, Complexity, and Policy’, Science & Education 22(2).

Bouwel, J. V. (2012), ‘Sandra Mitchell: Unsimple Truths. Science, Complexity, and Policy’, Science & Education 22(2), 411–418.

Bovens, Luc & Drai, D. (1999), ‘Supervenience and moral realism’, Philosophia 27(1 – 2).

Bracken, J. A. (2013), ‘Actual Entities and Socities, Gene Mutations and Cell Development’, Process Studies 42(1), 64–76.

Braddon-Mitchell, D. (2007), Against ontologically emergent consciousness, in Brian P. McLaughlin & Jonathan D. Cohen, ed., ‘Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Mind’, Blackwell, .

Braddon-Mitchell, D. (1993), ‘The microstructural causation hypothesis’, Erkenntnis 39(2).

van Brakel, J. (2012), Prehistory of the Philosophy of Chemistry, in Andrea I. Woody; Robin Findlay Hendry & Paul Needham, ed., ‘Philosophy of Chemistry’, North-Holland, Amsterdam, pp. 21–45.

van Brakel, J. (2010), ‘Chemistry and physics: no need for metaphysical glue’, Foundations of Chemistry 12(2).

van Brakel, J. (2010), ‘Chemistry and physics: no need for metaphysical glue’, Foundations of Chemistry 12(2), 123–136.

van Brakel, J. (2001), ‘The World: An Unruly Mess’, Foundations of Chemistry 3(3).

van Brakel, J. (1999), ‘On the Neglect of the Philosophy of Chemistry’, Foundations of Chemistry 1(2).

van Brakel, J. (1997), ‘Chemistry as the Science of the Transformation of Substances’, Synthese 111(3).

van Brakel, J. (1996), ‘Interdiscourse or supervenience relations: The primacy of the manifest image’, Synthese 106(2).

Brakel, J. v. (2012), Substances: The Ontology of Chemistry, in Andrea I. Woody; Robin Findlay Hendry & Paul Needham, ed., ‘Philosophy of Chemistry’, North-Holland, Amsterdam, pp. 191–229.

Brenner, J. E. (2010), ‘A Logic of Ethical Information’, Knowledge, Technology & Policy 23(1 – 2).

Brier, S. (2003), ‘Information seen as part of the development of living intelligence: The five-leveled Cybersemiotic Framework for FIS’, Entropy 5(2), 88–99.

Brigandt, I. (2013), ‘Systems biology and the integration of mechanistic explanation and mathematical explanation’, Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 44(4, Part A), 477–492.

Brigandt, I. & Love, A. (2008), Reductionism in biology, in Zalta E. N., ed., ‘The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy’.

Briscoe, R. E. (2006), ‘Individualism, Externalism and Idiolectical Meaning’, Synthese 152(1).

Brock, T. & Carrigan, M. (2014), ‘Realism and Contingency’, Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 45(2).

Broekaer, J. (1998), ‘World Views. Elements of the Apostelian and General Approach’, Foundations of Science 3(2).

Brogaard, B. & Gatzia, D. E. (2015), ‘Time and Time Perception’, Topoi 34(1), 257–263.

Brooks, Daniel R.; Collier, J. ;. M. B. A. ;. J. D. H. S. W. E. O. (1989), ‘Entropy and information in evolving biological systems’, Biology and Philosophy 4(4).

Brown, B. (1999), ‘Yes, Virginia, there really are paraconsistent logics’, Journal of Philosophical Logic 28(5), 489–500.

Browne, C.; Evans, R.; Sales, N. & Aleksander, I. (1997), ‘Consciousness and neural cognizers: a review of some recent approaches’, Neural Networks 10(7), 1303–1316.

Buccheri, R. (2003), ‘The Intelligibility of Nature, the Endophysical Paradigm and the Relationship Between Physical and Psychological Time’, , 403–416.

Buckareff, A. A. (2012), ‘An action theoretic problem for intralevel mental causation’, Philosophical Issues 22(1), 89–105.

Buckareff, A. A. (2011), ‘Intralevel mental causation’, Frontiers of Philosophy in China 6(3), 402–425.

Budenholzer, F. E. (2004), ‘Emergence, probability, and reductionism’, Zygon® 39(2), 339–356.

Bunge, M. (1980), The Mind—Body Problem, in M. Bunge, ed., ‘The Mind–Body Problem’, Pergamon, , pp. 1–31.

Bunge, M. (1980), Emergence and the Mind, in A.D. Kostyuk & G. Smithr Llinasp, ed., ‘Commentaries in the Neurosciences’, Pergamon, , pp. 633–641.

Bunge, M. (2010), Emergence and Levels’Matter and Mind’.

Bunge, M. (1991), ‘What is science? Does it matter to distinguish it from pseudoscience? A reply to my commentators’, New Ideas in Psychology 9(2), 245–283.

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